Vocal comping is an extremely highly effective and efficient approach that’ll offer you a robust vocal monitor—in the event you do it proper.
In case you are fully new to comping, not sure the way it works in GarageBand, or each, let’s check out what vocal comping is and the way you do it in Apple’s free music manufacturing app.
What Is Vocal Comping?
Vocal comping is whenever you report a number of takes of a efficiency, or elements of a efficiency, and mix elements from two or extra takes to create one seamless vocal monitor, known as a “composite monitor.”
Comping is not restricted to vocals—you’ll be able to comp many devices—however it’s typically related to vocals when recording.
Vocal comping is prevalent in all places in recorded music, particularly pop music. While in reside music, vocal performances might be extra liberal and nuanced, recorded music is a special beast, meant to be listened to time and again in isolation.
Vocal comping is important in that regard, like becoming all the suitable puzzle items (elements of various vocal takes) into one cohesive entire (the vocal comp).
Why Ought to You Use Vocal Comping?
Say you’ve got recorded a near-flawless take aside from one small part which you are feeling is missing, otherwise you’ve made a mistake. Must you re-record the vocal from scratch, which may get very time-consuming in the event you don’t love the following take, or would you reasonably simply go over that one part?
Vocal comping can be utilized to appropriate errors, recording hiccups akin to pops, which include plosives, or clipping, however that is not all it is restricted to.
An amazing motive so that you can make use of vocal comping—and comping typically—is experimentation. You are not simply attempting to rectify errors; you need to use vocal comping to mix particular moments from every take to create a splendidly distinctive and real vocal recording.
On this sense, you’ll be able to make the most of every take to attempt various things, taking part in round with elements akin to dynamics, tone, vocal character, and no matter else you need to check out.
Now you realize a bit bit about vocal comping and what to make use of it for, let’s get into easy methods to vocal comp in GarageBand.
We will dive proper into comping so in the event you’re undecided how to use GarageBand to record your vocals, take a look at our information first.
Step 1: Load Up an Present Venture or Begin a New Venture
So, you could possibly begin a brand new undertaking and report your principal vocal, or you could possibly load up an current undertaking the place you’ve got already bought vocals.
To get into comping straight away, we will load up an current undertaking with vocals.
There are just a few methods to do that: GarageBand may open up the newest undertaking on launch, you’ll be able to choose File > Open or Open Current within the top-left nook, or you need to use the shortcut Cmd + O when a undertaking is already loaded to decide on a special one.
One factor to notice: in the event you’re loading up an current undertaking, it is necessary to report your subsequent vocal takes identically to the way you recorded the unique vocal. Comping is not going to sound seamless if one take sounds prefer it was recorded just a few inches from the mic and one other sounds prefer it was recorded a foot away.
So, ensure that if you are going to comp, you realize roughly the place you have been sitting or standing, what quantity your mic was at, and roughly what sort of acoustic remedy you had in that room.
Step 2: Flip On Cycle Mode
The subsequent factor you are going to do is activate Cycle mode by clicking the two arrows icon subsequent to the report button, utilizing the shortcut C, or just clicking the place the Cycle space is.
This creates a yellow bar above your tracks (the place your bars or timecode ought to be) that you may shorten or lengthen at both finish or transfer alongside the monitor by clicking and dragging.
Cycle mode creates a loop inside the parameters of the yellow bar—or “Cycle space”—the place you’ll be able to pay attention again to particular sections on repeat or report a number of takes of both a sure part or the entire monitor.
Step 3: Begin Recording One other Take
As soon as Cycle mode is chosen, you can begin recording one other take.
The recording will begin in the beginning of the Cycle space and instantly loop again there as soon as it hits the top of the Cycle space, so it is best to increase the cycle space a bit bit on both facet of the part you need to re-record, supplying you with just a few moments to prepare every time.
Additionally, as soon as Cycle mode is turned on, you’ll be able to’t cease and begin playback of your undertaking. As a substitute, in the event you cease playback, beginning it takes to again to the start of the Cycle space.
You may report one take after one other in a single steady movement, using the loop, or you’ll be able to cease after every take or just a few takes, have a break, and proceed.
To point out you easy methods to comp from a couple of completely different take, we will report 4 takes of a piece.
Step 4: Hear Again to Your Takes
When you’re joyful along with your takes, you’ll be able to pay attention again to every one within the Take folder, which you will discover by clicking on the quantity within the top-left of the audio file subsequent to your area title.
Right here, you need to have the ability to select from and pay attention again to every take, deciding if you must report any extra takes and making a be aware of which takes you want.
Step 5: Isolating Your Comp Space
You may see that if you have not recorded your monitor from starting to finish, every little thing exterior the comp space is not there when you choose completely different takes.
To concentrate on simply the comp part, leaving every little thing exterior it untouched, we will break up both finish of the comp space, creating an impartial area.
To do that, drag the playhead to both finish of the comp space (proven by a black line that goes from prime to backside) and press Cmd + T to separate the monitor on the playhead. Do that to each ends of the comp space.
It is best to now see every little thing earlier than and after your comp space reappear, and altering takes within the comp space will not make them disappear.
In the event you’ve given your self a bit additional house earlier than and after the elements you’ve got wished to report, you’ll be able to simply drag the playhead to the precise second you need the comp to kick in or out, create an impartial area with the break up device, and choose your first take (which is normally the total vocal).
Now, you’ll be able to select takes out of your Take folder and pay attention to every take within the context of the undertaking. Keep in mind to show off Cycle Mode whenever you do that.
Step 6: Comping Takes
Keep in mind the way you remoted your comp space within the earlier step? Nicely, that approach is strictly how you are going to comp your takes!
For instance, in the event you choose Take 2 at a particular level, however solely at that time, then you’ll be able to isolate that area utilizing the Break up device and choose Take 2 only for that part.
On this instance, we have used Take 2 and Take 4 and break up again to Take 1 on both finish to seamlessly match the comp again into the principle vocal.
It is value listening to your vocals in isolation to determine the most effective factors to separate and use completely different takes. You are able to do that by clicking the headphones icon in your monitor header or by urgent S.
Keep in mind to zoom, so you’ll be able to exactly break up and modify areas, utilizing the traditional trackpad gesture or the horizontal zoom slider in the direction of the suitable of your workspace.
Comp With Different Audio Devices
Comping takes plenty of time to grasp and GarageBand’s model of comping continues to be comparatively easy in comparison with extra subtle digital audio workstations (DAWs), akin to its massive brother, Logic Professional.
That being stated, utilizing GarageBand to comp can present an intuitive and streamlined introduction that you just will not discover in lots of different DAWs, stopping issues from getting overwhelming.
When you begin getting comfy with vocal comping, you could possibly attempt comping different audio devices, akin to guitar or drum recordings.
Follow this beginner’s guide to get the best recording of your guitar in GarageBand on a Mac.
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