In a really uncommon event, the scientific group has put collectively a set of artists and performers by means of a digital live performance to showcase the nation’s masterly crafted bamboo musical devices in an effort to revitalize this modest however resilient business by means of science and know-how.
The digital live performance dubbed as Musika ng Kawayan, Yaman ng Bayan, organized by the Division of Science and Expertise-Forest Merchandise Analysis and Growth Institute (DOST-FPRDI), has lined up varied performances from people and teams which have sustained its existence amidst the popular culture which have alternatively changed our cultural traditions with streamed music and film binges.
In keeping with DOST-FPRDI Director Romulo T. Aggangan, “the live performance was a celebration of science, the artistic arts, and Philippine tradition.”
To show issues round, DOST-FPRDI has stepped in to assist the bamboo musical instrument makers to additional improve their craft by introducing the newest methods to enhance their artistry. Earlier, DOST-FPRDI has rolled-out its Bamboo Musical Instrument (BMI) Innovation Analysis and Growth program to deal with the varied considerations across the business. Amongst these are the standard of the bamboo devices, design and aesthetics, course of standardization, and uncooked supplies sourcing.
Alternatively, the digital live performance hopes to reintroduce the great thing about the indigenous bamboo music and devices to achieve extra assist from the general public as redesigned and improved bamboo musical devices are coming within the years forward.
Digital live performance
One of many highlights of the digital live performance was the efficiency of DOST’s prime officers. Performing the normal music tinikling, DOST Secretary Fortunato T. de la Peña and DOST Undersecretary for Analysis and Growth Rowena Cristina L. Guevara performed the kawagong, a time period coined by Sec. de la Peña describing the gong sounding tubular kawayan (bamboo) poles, whereas Usec. Guevara performed the bamboo marimba designed and developed by DOST-FPRDI.
The efficiency showcased the primary two bamboo devices that went additional enhancements below the innovation DOST-FPRDI R&D program.
The live performance additionally featured a really fascinating group from Dulag, Leyte’s Karatong Pageant.
Karatong is the Waray (a local of and language in Leyte) phrase for bamboo. Within the olden occasions, manner earlier than the Spaniards got here to the Philippines, the individuals in Dulag used bamboos to warn the city from enemies who wished to invade their lands.
The road dance pageant featured an all-bamboo musical ensemble from drums to shakers. Among the devices had been improvised so as to add the distinct sound that’s purely Karatong Pageant.
Orlando L. Cagara, vice chairman of the Karatong Pageant, defined that beforehand their pageant misplaced its unique taste as loud percussion music obfuscated its distinctive earthy sound that’s distinct from different regional festivals. “The trumpets, the bugle, the metal xylophone, they’re actually loud, this isn’t karatong,” added Cagara.
This prompted the native organizers to return to the roots of the pageant and actively encourage members to discover the chances of creating new sounds out of bamboo supplies. Consequently, one of many winners in final yr’s celebration was a gaggle from Labiran. They used karatong or a bamboo slit drum, katatoktok (lyre), hagughob (open tube drum), pagakpak (clappers), and bamboo marimba and play their rendition of the Dulag Pageant track.
Maybe the most well-liked BMI within the nation is the Bamboo Organ of Las Piñas. Performed by Prof. Armando Salarza, the almost two century outdated bamboo organ has endured the check of occasions because it stays to be playable.
The bamboo organ additionally turned the centerpiece of the Worldwide Bamboo Organ Pageant held yearly within the nation.
The Bamboo Organ, declared in 2003 because the Nationwide Cultural Treasure, was created by Father Diego Cera within the nineteenth century. In keeping with Celwyn Tagle of the Las Piñas Bamboo Organ Basis, the bamboo pipes from the bamboo organ are tougher to play than the standard metallic pipes as its higher lip and languid are each inflexible and curved in contrast to metallic pipes which have constant higher and decrease lips that make the air stream simpler. Presently, the Bamboo Organ retains 70-80% of its unique elements as curators imagine is attributed to the Filipino intrinsic data in bamboo preservation.
We additionally noticed different performers like Professor Beni Sokkong, a Kalingan artist and BMI maker, performing a local Kalingan music Annowoy utilizing Tongali, a bamboo nostril flute. He additionally carried out tupayya, a conventional instrumental solo utilizing the polychordial zither known as kolitong that emulates the musical patterns from gangsa flat brass gongs.
The well-known Pangkat Kawayan additionally carried out their model of the track popularized by Ruben Tagalog, Panaligan Mo Sinta utilizing the bamboo devices angklong, tipangklong, and bumbong whereas the Philippine Regular College Himig Kawayan performed Pobreng Alindahaw.
Because the orgranizer of the digital live performance, DOST- FPRDI Himig Kawayan carried out a Filipino folksong medley adopted by Cebu’s proficient singer-composer Joseph Gara showcasing the Huni Ukelele. Topping the live performance was a efficiency from Dipolog Group Rondalla with their rendition of the Peruvian Waltz and Joey Ayala’s Walang Hanggang Paalam and Pamilyang Magsasaka.
Science in artistic arts
With the necessity to strengthen the bamboo business and on the similar time promote the Filipino tradition, DOST-FPRDI laid the preliminary steps to develop the business by means of the Bamboo Musical Instrument Innovation Analysis and Growth Program.
This system will assist the expansion of the native BMI makers within the nation that has been underdeveloped for a number of many years however is seen to supply livelihood because it has regular calls for from native and worldwide markets.
Nevertheless, sure challenges should be addressed by the business and the federal government as gaps within the manufacturing impedes its progress. Amongst them are the poorly made devices which can be prone to bugs and fungi assaults that not solely mar its appearances but in addition decreases the sound high quality of the bamboo devices due to this fact ensuing to instability in sound high quality.
With a view to induce life into the business, DOST-FPRDI used the newest methods within the drying course of, design, and tuning amongst others to develop the manufacturing requirements on sure bamboo devices. For instance, DOST-FPRDI used the engineered bamboo for the body in making the bamboo Marimba utilized by the DOST officers of their efficiency.
Engineered bamboo is produced by binding collectively fibers, particles, strips or slats of bamboo with the precise adhesive. Used worldwide to make enticing panels, flooring, furnishings and handicrafts, it’s usually stronger and fewer liable to warping than equal strong woods.
The marimba bars had been subjected to thermo modification to boost the dimensional stability and sturdiness by present process warmth course of to take away moisture that impacts its sturdiness and sound high quality.
BMI R&D Program
The Bamboo Musical Devices (BMI) Innovation R&D Program was spearheaded by DOST-FPRDI in 2019 with the purpose of enhancing the standard of locally-made BMIs.
“The DOST-FPRDI program goals to supply science-backed options to BMI issues on sound and structural qualities, playability, tuning and sturdiness,” program chief Aralyn L. Quintos emphasised.
Particularly, this system goals to develop R&D applied sciences that won’t solely enhance the life and high quality of bamboo but in addition stop it from affecting the musical instrument’s sound high quality. Apart from this, this system additionally targets to standardize the manufacturing of chosen BMIs and to doubtlessly construct a BMI processing facility.
“As an off-shoot, we hope to lift public consciousness and appreciation for the cultural significance of those musical devices,” Quintos added.
Below this system, DOST-FPRDI hopes to allow producers of BMI to collaborate on new designs to undertake to the altering occasions. It is going to additionally put up a bamboo musical instrument museum to assist in educating the general public to extend their data and appreciation of the normal bamboo musical devices.
With these developments within the BMI business, DOST Usec. Rowena Cristina L. Guevara is hopeful that by means of the DOST initiatives and with the assist of its companions, “we’ve got good purpose to stay up for an invigorated BMI sector sooner or later.”